Root Canal: Everything You Need to Know

Root canal therapy is a treatment needed when a decay or trauma renders the tooth nerve badly damaged. With this dental procedure you must understand the fact that its complexity requires the client’s patience, strength and courage, trust in the dentist and enough understanding with regard to this dental service. Here is everything you need to know about root canals.

What is a root canal? It is the space inside the tooth that accommodates blood vessels, nerves and connective tissues. This space or channel originates from the pulp chamber travelling from the root through its upper surface or apex.

What could happen inside the canal? If there is damage to the pulp or nerve tissue, it collapses giving rise to bacterial proliferation within the chamber. Tooth infection with abscess results and spreads making it hard for the blood to reach the tissues. Pain and discomfort develops in your tooth which signals nerve damage, with symptoms that include toothache and sensitivity when exposed to hot or cold sensation, facial swelling, darkened teeth, inflamed gums, bone loss around the root’s tip and drainage problems.

How is a root canal procedure done? Infection of the pulp tissue or nerve trauma necessitates root canal therapy. The principle is to clean out the infected tooth pulp tissue and then the canal is filled to seal it. The process starts by determining if you have an infected or abscessed tooth. If this is the case, you will be started on an antibiotic before doing root canal. During the actual procedure, you will be given local anesthesia to numb the tooth. After taking an x-ray of your tooth, the dentist will disinfect your mouth and begin drilling through the tooth into the pulp chamber where the tooth nerve is located. All the nerves from the tooth and any infected tissue will then be removed by using tiny files. The completely cleaned tooth will have to be dried totally before placing a rubber material called gutta percha to seal the inside of the tooth. A temporary or permanent filling will close the tooth.

Post-root canal management. When the effects of the local anesthesia have waned, you will be prescribed a pain medication. You may also be given antibiotics to avoid infection. For the swelling, you may apply ice to the area. Most patients go back to their normal routine the next day. Go back to the dentist if you have pain that lasts more than 24 hours.

Root canal versus extraction. Tooth extraction may be less complicated and cheaper than the rehabilitation process, nevertheless it can be a lot more expensive in the long run. An absent tooth can make the teeth next to the gap glide into the vacant space which will later on require you to resort to having an expensive bridge or denture.

How much is a root canal treatment? The cost of the therapy depends upon the number of root canals needed to be treated. A separate fee is needed for tooth restoration. You can always approach your dentist who would be glad to discuss the dental management costs with you.

Bouncing Benefits on Your Urban Rebounder

When most of us think of a trampoline, we think of it as something for children to use, but it’s not just for children. It also isn’t something that you have to do outdoors. Mini-trampolines have come back into style with a vengeance, only now they call them urban rebounders.

Children love to jump on a trampoline, and it can entertain them for hours. After all, it’s fun bouncing into the air where you’re free as a bird, and then landing again. There’s just nothing else like it. It may seem that adults wouldn’t get as much joy from a trampoline as children do, but maybe you’ll change your mind when you read about how many health benefits regular jumping will give you.

Although an urban rebounder is tiny compared to a regular trampoline, you can still burn a lot of fat by doing workouts on it. The American Council on Exercise has noted that the workout you get from a rebounder has created one of the hottest fitness trends around. Rebounding is defined as full-body workout that is achieved by using no other equipment but a mini-trampoline.

If you’re interested in learning how to rebound in order to reap the most good from your workout, you’ll be able to find many websites which give you advice as well as descriptions of various moves and diagrams for performing them. You’ll also find that many fitness centers give lessons in proper positioning as well as the movements you’re going to want to incorporate into your regular routine.

The Urban Rebounder is one of the best mini-trampolines available today. They don’t come cheap. For around $300 you get a strong, woven mat surface that has a 28″ diameter. For an extra $40, you’ll get a carrying bag plus 3 workout DVDs. An Urban Rebounder comes in two different types: one for home use and the other for gym use. There isn’t much difference between the two models except that the gym model can hold 350 pounds while the home model only holds up to 300 pounds.

Although the Urban Rebounder is similar to the mini-trampolines everyone knew in the ’80s, the surface has been woven much tighter. This means that you will be restricted to a bounce that’s only two or three inches high. Even though the bounce seems small, it’s plenty to use for strengthening the muscles in your legs and abdomen. Healthbounce.come claims that using the Urban Rebounder for just one hour can burn up to 700 calories.

Regular workouts on a trampoline have many more health benefits than just burning calories. It is better for your body than running on a hard surface, because the surface of the rebounder absorbs most of the shock placed on your feet and joints. Since you aren’t injuring your joints, you’ll suffer less pain following a workout which means you’ll be more likely to stick with your exercise program.

People who start out with more difficult, higher impact workouts often give up after a short while. It’s hard to force yourself to do something that hurts. With your Urban Rebounder, you’ll actually have fun doing your daily workout, and it won’t cause you any pain. Men as well as women can benefit from workouts on the rebounder, and it is safe for children as long as an adult is around to supervise.

There’s really no reason why you shouldn’t try a mini-trampoline and see what it can do in your life and those of your family. The simple pleasure it will give will take you back to those carefree summers of childhood.

Channelizing Energies of Urban Youth to Develop Life Skills in Semi-Urban Youth

Rapid modernization is leading to migration of rural youth to urban centers and the rural youth who migrate to cities in search of education and employment are sometimes unable to cope with the alien situation leading to psychological maladjustment and risky behaviors. Other than this the semi urban areas around the cities (comprising of the youth who have migrated from rural areas or who have been living near cities since long time) are well aware of the challenges they are going to face, for which they do not have skills but are some how helpless. Special effort has to be made to help this group of young people.

Similarly, the student youth enrolled in the institutions in the urban areas need skills in communication and exposure, which can be inculcated if they are encouraged to take up programs on education, health, community services etc. on a voluntary basis. These programs can voluntarily be prepared by educationists in coordination with social workers where educationists can encourage urban rural activity.

These programs will not only have positive impact on the personality and skill development of urban youth, but also endeavor to involve them in community based nation building aims so that they could become catalysts of change and development in the attitude, behavior and skills of semi urban youth. Young people can be encouraged to express and share their experiences and culture and can also be encouraged to understand each others’ problems and find out the solutions for them and thus developing friendship and cooperation.

Also, the gender role typed communities in urban areas are a great hindrance in exploiting the capabilities of urban educated girls who can assist in planning and facilitating youth organizing programs and community organizing initiatives after regular academic curriculum. Their energies can be utilized because they have understanding and can analyze the systemic nature of oppression, particularly the intersection of gender, race, sexuality, segment and class. This is through these community programs that they can experience working with young people, in low-income communities in all the aspects of grass root, non-profit work. Some may be given responsibility for facilitating groups, organizing, community outreach, grant writing and fundraising, to some extent, to fit their talents and interests. When planned and implemented successfully , youth in semi-urban and young girls in urban areas, both are going to be benefited directly. These programs can be organized by educational institutions, organizations, clubs or societies. Interaction of youth twice a month can be helpful in more than it can be imagined.

The key areas identified, which are universal in nature and are of youth concern, are education, training and employment, health, environment, recreation and sports, technology, gender equity for which special programs can be taken up. The challenges can be met and there are possibilities of making a difference, if these issues could be tackled successfully when the youth are very responsive to the national challenges. Only thing they need is proper guidance, training and opportunities to channelize their energies.

The main objectives of these programs should be to offer a wholesome, rejuvenating opportunity to urban young girls to gain first hand knowledge and to become accustomed with various approaches of life in varying situations and to impart necessary skills and techniques for the personality development of semi-urban youth. The objectives could be as follows:

o To motivate urban youth to take up social welfare and community services program on voluntary basis
at the grass root level.
o To foster friendly relations between the urban and semi-urban youth.
o To channelize and tap the potential and energy of urban young girls in constructive activities,
disseminate the knowledge acquired among community people.
o To organize and conduct collective outdoor community activities at no profit no loss basis in order to
inculcate self-discipline, self-initiative, leadership qualities, pride in Indian ness, communal harmony,
comradeship, spirit of voluntarism, co-operation, moral values, nationalism and involvement in
decision making process in the urban young girls.
o To encourage the youth to come together to share their experiences and exchange ideas.
o Creating critical awareness and understanding of social dynamics of the rural communities.
o Identification of village needs resources, initiatives and disputes..
o To provide an outlet to the youth to display their skills and creativity in various fields
o To improve gender injustice and enhance the status of women in the community.
o To create new skills among semi-urban youth through which they can become self reliant.
o To develop attitudes and skills among the semi-urban youth which will enable them to function better as
productive citizen
o To inspire prospective young entrepreneurs to learn modern methods in training and entrepreneurship
skills and enable them to tackle the problem of unemployment by equipping them to take up income
generating projects based on locally available raw materials, resources and market and help the
unemployed youth with management skills.
o To develop scientific temperament in the field of health and family and enhance the personality of
semi-urban youth

The duration of the training should depend upon the type of the program selected. Therefore, the coordinator should fix duration in consultation with concerned technical experts who shall conduct the program.

Selection of team

The leader members team shall be made in such a way that each team should comprise of 01 leader and group members who shall impart the knowledge ( and equal number of male and female youth from semi urban area who shall receive the knowledge ) as far as possible.

The activities for community work may be coordinated in three phases-
PHASE I Training of group leaders
PHASE II Training of group members by group leaders
PHASE III Training in the community by group leaders and group members
Team members should be provided all relevant printed material and discuss about objectives, task and expected out come. During the meet, sessions like: experience sharing, team wise presentation of out come, short falls, status of action plans, etc., should be discussed.

Financial Pattern – funds can be raised by the urban youth through trivial voluntary donations or activities for-
I. conducting training program;
II. honorarium to instructor (One instructor for 20 trainees)
III. raw material for the training wherever applicable

The topics that shall be included in the activities for creating awareness and imparting life skills should be according to the needs and demands of the target area and group. Following areas can be explored as such-
a. Cinema / documentary films on the themes of national integration, social issues.
b. Health , immunization (both children & pregnant mothers), nutrition and health & hygiene and family
c. Methods of employment & income generation.
d. Awareness campaign- HIV/AIDS / venereal diseases, education of girls / adults gender equality &
female feticide, child marriage & dowry, sanitation, campaign against use of polythene bags drugs,
family life education
e. Scientific temperament building
f. Yoga
g. Manners & etiquettes
h. Counseling
i. Cutting and tailoring
j. Traditional handicrafts of the area.
k. Tailoring /embroidery / Patch Work / Mirror Work / Fabric painting / Block Printing / / Batik Printing /
bandhej etc.
l. Food Processing / Preservation / healthy cooking / balanced diet
m. Puppet Making / stuffed toys making

Evaluation of the program –

To measure the impact and the achievement of objectives of the program, evaluation at the beginning, middle and end of the program should be conducted by the Coordinator and a final report made on the basis of the same. The differences would be observed in not only the life skills of rural youth but also the
Personality and communication skills of the urban youth.

A minimum fund and quality interest and planning can be helpful in developing rural youth skill building and national development. Only thing required is a step towards this field.